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日本北海道大学基本概况

日本的北海道大学创立于1876年,是一所国际级的研究型国立综合大学,近几年来更是受到了中国留学生的亲睐,那么跟着出国留学网一起来了解下日本北海道大学基本概况吧,欢迎阅读。

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一、关于北海道大学

Hokkaido University is a leading comprehensive university that places importance on its graduate schools. The university started out in 1876 as the Sapporo Agricultural College, the first modern academic institute in Japan. During its long history, the college was promoted to an Imperial University and then flourished after the creation of the new university system. Over this period, we have declared and cultivated our basic philosophies of education and research, namely the “Frontier Spirit,” “Global Perspectives,” “All-round Education” and “Practical Learning.” In order to meet the demands of society and to move ahead as a part of the National University Corporation, Hokkaido University needs to formulate a long term goal for developing the basis of knowledge generation, dissemination and application in the new century, while still reconfirming our basic philosophies and recognizing our accountability to society.Frontier Spirit is a term to describe the ideal that each student and staff member of our university should tackle the problems of their generation and become pioneers by taking the untrodden path towards the future. This basic philosophy originated from the words “lofty ambition,” which were uttered by Dr. W. S. Clark during the opening ceremony of the Sapporo Agricultural College and has served as the backbone of Hokkaido University for over a century. The Frontier Spirit of the 21st century calls for us to address both the shifts in the academic paradigm and contemporary problems constantly challenging humankind. Hokkaido University, founded on the principle of academic freedom, aims to promote world-class research to solve the problems confronting humankind through the flexible organization of its graduate schools and networks. This will lead us to remarkable developments in research and education, while promoting creative research in both theoretical and applied studies.Sapporo Agricultural College was established not only for training agricultural experts, but also to provide a rich and well-rounded education to cultivate highly intellectual students and personnel. Its success is apparent through the outstanding ideologists and literary figureheads who graduated from the college, such as Kanzo Uchimura, Shigetaka Shiga, Inazo Nitobe, and Takeo Arishima. The philosophy of an all-round education has been observed through the tradition of ensuring students receive a liberal arts education so that they are able to make sound decisions and deep insights utilizing their professional knowledge. Furthermore, Hokkaido University seeks to develop the skills needed to understand and respect human rights and have basic abilities to accurately respond to the demands of society. Students are encouraged to cultivate their spirit of freedom and independence and are encouraged to establish an autonomous identity so that they may acquire a deep appreciation of humanity and a high level of intellect.

北海道大学是一所领先的注重研究的综合性大学。大学在1876年成为了日本第一所现代学术研究所札幌农学院。历史悠久,后来大学升格为帝国大学,然后在新大学制度创立之后蓬勃发展。在这个时期,我们宣布和培养了我们的教育和研究的基本哲学,即“边界精神”、“全球视野”、“全面教育”和“实践性学习”,为了满足社会同时也作为国立大学的一部分,北海道大学需要制定长期目标,发展新世纪知识产生,传播和应用的基础。前沿精神:是描述我们大学每个学生和工作人员应该解决他们这一代问题的理想的术语,通过采取未来的未来路向,成为先驱者。这个基本哲学起源于WS Clark博士在札幌农学院开幕式期间所说的“崇高野心”,并在北海道大学担任一个世纪以来的骨干。21世纪的前沿精神要求我们解决学术范式的转变和当代不断挑战人类的问题。北海道大学建立在学术自由原则的基础上,旨在通过灵活组织研究生院和网络,促进世界一流的研究,解决人类面临的问题。全球视角:随着西方海关和科学技术的引进和外国教师的讲座,札幌农学院从一开始就开始向各个方向发展。此后,我校大学在海外毕业生中发挥了积极作用。不用说,我们必须继续发展能够为国际社会做出贡献的人才,培养对其他文化的更好了解,培养对自己文化的更多自我认识,通过丰富我们的文科,提高外语沟通能力教育。北海道大学努力鼓励学生和员工获得“全球视野”,为国际社会的发展做出贡献,为国外留学创造更多机会。全面教育:札幌农学院成立不仅是为培养农业专家,而且还提供丰富全面的教育培养高素质的学生和人才。通过从大学毕业的杰出的思想家和文学人物如内藤彦子、志贺坂志贺、Inazo Nitobe和Takeo Arishima等都取得了显着的成就。通过确保学生接受文科教育的传统观察了全面教育的理念,使他们能够利用他们的专业知识做出正确的决策和深刻的见解。此外,北海道大学寻求发展了解和尊重人权所需的技能,并具备准确应对社会需求的基本能力。实践学习:札幌农学院正在克服困难,发展成为今天的综合性大学,实践实践哲学就是建立起来的。实践学习的哲学意味着两种不同的含义。首先,实践学习需要研究,这是在现实世界中创造和促进普及学习的手段。其次,实践学习强调通过重视研究的应用和实际应用,将研究成果归功于社会。金山雅阁进行的植物学研究以及在北海道还与当地工业部门合作开展了大量研究。北海道大学努力将研究成果归功于地方、国家和国际行业。这样做进一步促进了学术界与工业界的合作,鼓励学生追求实践学习的理念,其目的是促进在现实世界中创造普遍真理并利用北海道的独特特征进行研究。此外,北海道大学希望发展领先的专家和专业人才,并支持追求高等教育的人士。这样做进一步促进了学术界与工业界的合作,鼓励学生追求实践学习的理念, 其目的是促进在现实世界中创造普遍真理,并利用北海道的独特特征进行研究。此外,北海道大学希望发展领先的专家和专业人才,并支持追求高等教育的人士。这样做进一步促进了学术界与工业界的合作,鼓励学生追求实践学习的理念,其目的是促进在现实世界中创造普遍真理,并利用北海道的独特特征进行研究。此外,北海道大学希望发展领先的专家和专业人才,并支持追求高等教育的人士。

二、历史沿革

1.札幌农学院时期(1876-1907)

1876:Dr. William S. CLARK, then president of the Massachusetts Agricultural College in the Unites States invited to be vice president of Sapporo Agricultural College. He arrives in Sapporo with two American professors, W. WHEELER and D. PENHALLOW, and eleven American students.

1878:Sapporo Agricultural College inaugurated. (Hokkaido University celebrates its anniversary of foundation on August 14.)

1881:Genzo MORI, then Hokkaido development commissioner, acts also as college president.

1886:Hideaki SATO named administrative officer of Hokkaido prefectural government and acting college president.

1894:Shosuke SATO named president.

1876年:威廉克拉克博士是美国马萨诸塞农业大学的校长,他被邀请担任札幌农业大学的副校长。他带着两位美国教授,惠勒和彭霍夫和11名美国学生来到了札幌。

1878年:札幌农业大学就职。(北海道大学于8月14日庆祝成立基金会。)

1881年:时任日本北海道发展委员的森佐森也担任大学校长。

1886年:Hideaki佐藤命名的北海道县级政府行政官员,大学校长。

1894年:Shosuke佐藤成为大学总监。

2.东北大学时期(1907-1918)

1907:Sapporo Agricultural College becomes the Agricultural College of Tohoku Imperial University and adds preparatory courses. (It is inaugurated in September 1907.)

1909:Oshoro-maru built as a new training ship.

1907年:札幌农业学院成为东北帝国大学农业学院,并增加了预科课程。(1907年9月成立。)

1909年:奥肖罗号作为一艘新的训练船建造而成。

3.北海道帝国大学时期(1918-1947)

1918:Agricultural College of Tohoku Imperial University transferred to the newly established Hokkaido Imperial University, becoming the Agricultural College of Hokkaido Imperial University.

1919:Agricultural College of Hokkaido Imperial University renamed the School of Agriculture in Hokkaido Imperial University.

1921:The Medical Clinic attached to the School of Medicine established (becomes operational in November 1921).

1946:The Institute of VHF Research renamed the Institute of Applied Electronics Research.

1918年:日本东北大学农业学院转到新成立的北海道帝国大学,成为北海道帝国大学的农业学院。

1919年:北海道帝国大学农业学院改名为北海道帝国大学农业学院。

1921年:医学诊所成立(1921年11月开始运作)。

1946年:VHF研究所更名为应用电子研究所。

4.北海道大学时期(1947-2004)

1947:Hokkaido Imperial University renamed Hokkaido University.

1949:Under the National School Establishment Law, Hokkaido University reorganized into the new Hokkaido University with schools of law and letters, education, science, medicine, engineering, agriculture, and fisheries sciences (Hakodate).

1953:New Graduate Schools of Letters, Education, Law, Economics and Business Administration, Science, Engineering, Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine, and Fisheries Sciences established.

1967:The School of Dental Medicine established.

1969:General Education branch established at the Hokkaido University Library.

1974 :The Institute of Tuberculosis Research reorganized into the Institute of Immunological Research.

1993:The Graduate School of Environmental Science evolves into the Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science (stand-alone graduate school).

1995:The Graduate School of Science and the Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine each evolves into a Graduate Research School, which places greater emphasis on graduate education and research.

2000:Graduate Schools of Letters, Education, Law, Economics and Business Administration, Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Fisheries Sciences each evolves into a Graduate Research School.The Institute of Immunological Research reorganized into the Institute for Genetic Medicine (the Research Laboratory Attached to the School of Medicine abolished).The Center for Northern Eurasian and Northern Pacific Studies established.

2001:The Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere assumes the management of the following facilities: the Marine Biological Station and the Institute of Algological Research, formerly attached to the School of Science; botanical gardens, farms, forests, and ranches formerly attached to the School of Agriculture; Lake Toya Inland Water Station, Usujiri Fisheries Station, and Nanae Fresh Water Laboratory, formerly attached to the School of Fisheries Sciences.The expanded Center for Advanced Science and Technology assumes the management of the Chromosome Research Unit, which was formerly attached to the School of Science, the Center for Experimental Plants and Animals, and the Research Center for Molecular Genetics.The Research Center for Quantum Interface Electronics evolves into the Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics.

2003:The University Hospital attached to the School of Medicine and the Dental Hospital attached to the School of Dental Medicine integrated into the Hokkaido University Hospital.

1947年:北海道帝国大学更名为北海道大学。

1949年:根据全国学校建立法律,北海道大学重组到新的法律和信件,北海道大学与学校教育、科学、医学、工程、农业和渔业科学(函馆)。

1953年:新的信件,研究生院教育、法律、经济学和商业管理,科学、工程、农业、兽药、和渔业科学建立。

1967年:牙科医学院的成立。

1969年:在北海道大学图书馆建立通识教育分支。

1974年:结核病研究所免疫学研究所的重组。

1993年:环境科学研究生院发展成为环境地球科学的研究生院(研究生院独立)。

1995年:科学的研究生院和研究生院的每个研究生院发展成一个更注重研究生教育和研究兽医专业。

2000年:研究生院的信件、教育、法律、经济学和商业管理,医学、牙医学、和渔业科学发展成一个研究生院。免疫学研究所重组为遗传医学研究所(附属于医学院的研究实验室)。北欧亚和北太平洋研究中心成立。

2001年:北部生物圈假设管理领域科学中心以下设施:海洋生物站Algological研究所的,以前在学校的科。植物园、农场、森林和牧场以前附属于农业学校,Toya内陆水站、常吉里渔站和南淡水实验室以前隶属于水产科学学院。扩展的先进科学技术中心假设了染色体研究单元的管理,它以前隶属于科学学院、实验植物和动物中心,以及分子遗传学研究中心。量子界面电子研究中心发展成为集成量子电子学的研究中心。

2003年:隶属于医学院附属的大学附属医院和牙科医院附属的牙科医院合并到北海道大学医院。

5.国立大学公社北海道大学时期(2004年至今)

2004:Hokkaido University becomes the National University Corporation Hokkaido University.The Graduate School of Information Science and Technology (stand-alone graduate school) established.The Center for Advanced Research of Energy evolves into the Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials.

2005:The Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, the Faculty of Environmen- tal Earth Science, the Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, and the Graduate School of Environmental Science established. (The Department of Fisheries Sciences and the Department of Environmental Earth Science [stand-alone department] abolished in the graduate school.)The Graduate School of Public Policy (professional graduate school) and the Faculty of Public Policy established.The Center for Advanced Science and Technology and the Creative Scientific Research Institution integrated into the new Creative Scientific Research Institution.The Physical Education Center integrated into the Center for Research and Development in Higher Education.The Research Center for Zoonosis Control established.The Admission Center established.

2006:The Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, the Research Faculty of Agriculture, the Faculty of Advanced Life Science, the Graduate School of Science, the Graduate School of Agriculture, and the Graduate School of Life Science established. (The Department of Science, the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, and the Department of Agriculture abolished in the graduate school.)The Center for Advanced Tourism Studies established.

2007:The Education and Research Support Office established as an administrative unit.The College of Medical Technology abolished.4The Faculty of Education, the Research Faculty of Media and Communication, the Graduate School of Education, and the Graduate School of International Media, Communication and Tourism Studies established. (The Department of Education, the Department of International Media and Communication, and the Institute of Language and Cultural Studies abolished.)

2008 :The Faculty of Health Sciences and the Graduate School of Health Sciences (for master’s courses) established.The Research Institute for Information Law and Policy established.

2009:The Management Center for Intellectual Property and Innovation (an administrative unit) reorganized into the Center for Innovation and Business Promotion (an administrative unit).The Front Office for Resource Education and Development established as an administrative unit.The Center of Education and Research for Topological Science and Technology established.The Creative Scientific Research Institution and the Instrumental Analysis Center reorganized into the Creative Research Institution (an administrative unit).

2010:The Center for Environmental and Health Sciences established.The Health Management Center evolves into the Health Care Center.The Center for Advanced Research of Energy Conversion Materials transferred to the Center for Advanced Research of Energy and Materials, attached to the Graduate School of Engineering.The Institute of Low Temperature Science, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Catalysis Research Center, Slavic Research Center, Information Initiative Center and Research Center for Zoonosis Control are authorized as Joint Usage Research Centers by MEXT.

2011:The Center for Translational Research established.The Venture Business Laboratory renamed the Meme Media Laboratory.The Environmental Preservation Center transferred to the Office for a Sustainable Campus (an administrative unit).Oshoro-maru training ship is authorized as a joint usage educational facility by MEXT.

2012:The Marine Research Station (Usujiri Fisheries Station, Nanae Fresh-Water Station and Oshoro Marine Station) of the Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere and Center for Teaching and Learning, Institute for the Advancement of Higher Education are authorized as a Joint Usage / Research Center by MEXT.

2013:Keizo YAMAGUCHI named president.

2014:The Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education (GI-CoRE) is established.The Slavic Research Center is re-named the Slavic-Eurasian Research Center.The Research Center for Environmental Nano and Bio Engineering is re-named the Center for Post-modern Socio-metabolic System.

2015:The Arctic Research Center established.The Archaeological Research Center established.The Institute for the Promotion of Business-Regional Collaboration (operational organization) established. (The Center for Innovation and Business Promotion and the Center for Food and Medical Innovation were merged into the Institute.)

2016:The Training Ship “Oshoro-Maru” is reauthorized as a Joint-Use Facility for Education and Research by MEXT.

2017:Toyoharu NAWA named president.

2004年:北海道大学成为国立大学北海道大学。信息科学与技术研究生院(独立研究生院)成立。能源高级研究中心发展成为能源转换材料的高级研究中心。

2005年:渔业科学学院、环境学院、地球科学学院、水产科学研究生院和环境科学研究生院。(美国渔业科学部和环境地球科学系的独立系在研究生院中被废除。)公共政策研究生院(专业研究生院)和公共政策学院成立。先进科学技术中心和创意科学研究机构,整合进了新的创意科学研究机构。摘要体育教育中心是高等教育研究与发展的中心。动物控制中心的研究中心建立了,入学中心建立。

2006年:科学学院、医药科学学院、农业研究学院、高级生命科学学院、科学研究生院、农业研究生院和生命科学研究生院。(科学部、医药科学部和农业部在研究生院中废除了。)高级旅游研究中心成立。

2007年:教育与研究支持办公室成立为行政单位。医学技术学院废除了。教育学院、媒体与传播学院、教育研究生院、国际媒体、传播与旅游研究研究生院成立。(教育部、国际媒体与传播部、语言与文化研究学院废除了。)

2008年:卫生科学学院和卫生科学研究生院(硕士课程)成立。信息法与政策研究所建立。

2009年:知识产权与创新管理中心(一个行政单位)重组为创新和商业促进中心(一个行政单位)。作为行政单位的资源教育和发展的前台。建立了拓扑科学与技术研究中心。创造性的科学研究机构和工具分析中心重组为创造性研究机构(一个行政单位)。

2010年:环境与健康科学中心成立。卫生管理中心发展成为卫生保健中心。能源转化材料的高级研究中心转移到能源和材料高级研究中心,并附在工程学院。低温科学研究所、电子科学研究所、遗传医学研究所、催化研究中心、斯拉夫研究中心、信息行动中心和动物研究中心的研究中心被授权为联合使用研究中心。

2011年:转化研究中心成立。风险商业实验室更名为Meme Media实验室。环境保护中心转到办公室(一个行政单位)。奥肖马-丸训练船经MEXT授权为联合使用教育设施。

2012年:北方生物圈科学中心和教学中心的海洋研究站(常吉里渔站、南淡水站和奥肖罗海洋站),高等教育研究所被授权为一个联合使用/研究中心。

2013年:三山口命名为大学总监。

2014年:全球协作的研究和教育机构(GI-CoRE)。斯拉夫研究中心被重新命名为斯拉夫-欧亚研究中心。环境纳米和生物工程的研究中心被重新命名为后现代社会代谢系统的中心。

2015:北极研究中心成立。考古研究中心成立了。促进商业区域合作(运营组织)的建立。(创新和商业促进中心和食品和医疗创新中心合并到研究所。)

2016年:培训船“岸上-丸”被重新授权为MEXT的教育和研究联合使用设施。

2017年:Toyoharu成为了大学总监。

请继续阅读第2页为北海道大学的教研优势、校园环境和杰出校友详细解读。


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